There has been some discussion recently about the Holman Christian Standard Bible. Without discussing motives or agenda, let me show how this passage, 1 Cor. 14: 30-40 has a unique treatment in the HCSB and the NET Bible.
I hope this can be understood in context, as a response to comments elsewhere in the blogosphere and as a transfer of the material Gordon Fee is covering in class this week. Here is the HCSB.
- But if something has been revealed to another person sitting there, the first prophet should be silent. 31 For you can all prophesy one by one, so that everyone may learn and everyone may be encouraged. (A) 32 And the prophets’ spirits are under the control of the prophets, 33 since God is not a God of disorder but of peace.
As in all the churches of the saints, (B) 34 the women [a] should be silent in the churches, (C) for they are not permitted to speak, but should be submissive, as the law also says. 35 And if they want to learn something, they should ask their own husbands (D) at home, for it is disgraceful for a woman to speak in the church meeting. 36 Did the word of God originate from you, or did it come to you only?
37 If anyone thinks he is a prophet or spiritual, he should recognize that what I write to you is the Lord’s command. 38 But if anyone ignores this, he will be ignored. [b] 39 Therefore, my brothers, be eager (E) to prophesy, and do not forbid speaking in [other] languages. 40 But everything must be done decently (F) and in order.
I am now going to post the ESV for this passage because it demonstrates a somewhat more traditional reading of this passage.
- 30If a revelation is made to another sitting there,(AF) let the first be silent. 31For you can all prophesy one by one, so that all may learn and all be encouraged, 32and the spirits of prophets are subject to prophets. 33For God is not a God of(AG) confusion but of peace.
As in(AH) all the churches of the saints, 34(AI) the women should keep silent in the churches. For they are not permitted to speak, but(AJ) should be in submission, as(AK) the Law also says. 35If there is anything they desire to learn, let them ask their husbands at home. For it is shameful for a woman to speak in church.
36Or was it from you that the word of God came? Or are you the only ones it has reached? 37(AL) If anyone thinks that he is a prophet, or spiritual, he should acknowledge that the things I am writing to you are a command of the Lord. 38If anyone does not recognize this, he is not recognized. 39So, my brothers,(AM) earnestly desire to prophesy, and do not forbid speaking in tongues. 40(AN) But all things should be done decently and(AO) in order.
Since it is well known that all early Latin versions, and church fathers, those who wrote prior to the earliest Greek manuscript now extant, had verse 34 and 35 together at the end of the chapter, it is very odd that both HCSB and ESV break for a paragraph in the middle of verse 34. What is even odder is that the HCSB has broken for a paragraph after verse 36, when the logical structure seems to place verse 36 and 37 together. The HCSB also omits to translate η at the beginning of verse 36.
The NET Bible has paragraph breaks that are identical to the HCSB. In the light of the fact that the NET annotator writes,
- Following a suggestion made by E. E. Ellis (“The Silenced Wives of Corinth (I Cor. 14:34-5),” New Testament Textual Criticism: Its Significance for Exegesis, 213-20 [the suggestion comes at the end of the article, almost as an afterthought]), it is likely that Paul himself added the words in the margin.
I cannot understand why the NET Bible provides paragraph breaks in such odd places. If it is a marginal note, albeit by Paul, why give the impression that it ties into the preceding and following sentences?
My question is this – if the best explanation for these verses being authentic to Paul is that he added them himself to the margin, how does one explain the paragraph formatting in the ESV, NET and HCSB. I believe this is another of those cases where paragraph breaks are significant.