Here are the names of God from Psalm 68 along with their transliteration, an approximate translation and for some a traditional translational equivalent. I have written about Shaddai and I hope to write about adonai next.
אֱלֹהִים – elohim (plural form) God
יָהּ – yah, abbreviation of yahweh, Jah
אֲדֹנָי – adonai, (plural form) owner, master, Lord
שַׁדַּי – shaddai, Almighty
יְהוָה – yahweh, YHWH, LORD
יָהּ אֱלֹהִים – yah elohim LORD God
הָאֵל – ha’el abbreviation of elohim, God
יהוִה אֲדֹנָי – yahweh adonai (translation to be discussed)
There are some fascinating posts around. First, Kurk offers an example of Barnstone’s translation from Matthew. There are many other great posts found in the blogs in our sidebar and John will mention others. There is a good post by Kevin on gender language.