We have had a few blog posts in the past which discuss the issue of whether we should only translate the original human author’s meaning intended for a Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) passage, or whether we should allow New Testament exegesis (typically messianic) of that quote to determine how we translate the O.T. passage. The issue has particular relevance for whether or not we capitalize names of individuals in the O.T. who are considered references to the Messiah (Christ) in the N.T. For instance, should the word “son” in Psalm 2:12 be capitalized, since it is quoted in the N.T. as a reference to Christ the Messiah, or not capitalized since the original author likely was referring to a non-messianic figure. The difference here can be seen in the contrast between the NIV, which tends to “christologize” the O.T.:
Kiss the Son, lest he be angry
and you be destroyed in your way
and the NIV’s revision, the TNIV:
Kiss his son, or he will be angry
Now, for some fun. You can take a short quiz to determine which of the main positions you take with regard to importing N.T. meanings to O.T. passages. This quiz has been showing up on several blogs. I’ll link to the original on the Koinonia blog:
Feel free to share your quiz results here or on the Koinonia blog. I will share mine.